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Formative Test M2 LA1 Modul Profesional (Descriptive Text)

 Jawaban Tugas dan Ujian Formatif dan Sumatif Modul Profesional PPG Dalam Jabatan
Descriptive Text Modul Profesional Bahasa Inggris

Question 1 (1 point)
Answer questions 1–10 based on the text below. Choose the best answer A, B, C, or D and click the respective option to mark your answer.
(1) The Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian= Republik Indonesia) is a unitary, transcontinental sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania. Situated between the Indian and Pacific oceans, it is the world's largest island country with more than thirteen thousand islands. At 1,904,569 square kilometers (735,358 square miles), Indonesia is the world's 14thlargest country in terms of land area and the 7th largest in terms of combined sea and land area. With over 261 million people, it is the world's 4th most populous country as well as the most populous Austronesian and Muslim-majority country. Java, the world's most populous island, contains more than half of the country's population.
(2) Indonesia's republican form of government includes an elected parliament and president. Indonesia has 34 provinces, of which five have Special status. Its capital is Jakarta, which is the second most populous urban area in the world. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia. Other neighboring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support a high level of biodiversity. The country has abundant natural resources like oil and natural gas, tin, copper and gold. Agriculture mainly produces rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medicinal plants, spices and rubber. Indonesia's major trading partners are China, United States, Japan, Singapore and India.
(3) The Indonesian archipelago has been an important region for trade since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with Chinese dynasties and Indian kingdoms. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and political models from the early centuries, and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished. Indonesian history has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. Muslim traders and Sufi scholars brought Islam, while European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolize trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery. Following a period of Dutch colonialism starting from Amboina and Batavia, and eventually all of the archipelago including Timor and Western New Guinea, at times interrupted by Portuguese, French and British rule, Indonesia secured its independence after World War II.
(4) Indonesia consists of hundreds of distinct native ethnic and linguistic groups, with the largest —and politically dominant— ethnic group being the Javanese. A shared identity has developed, defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism within a Muslim-majority population, and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it. Indonesia's national motto, "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika" ("Unity in Diversity" literally, "many, yet one"), articulates the diversity that shapes the country. Indonesia's economy is the world's 16th largest by nominal GDP and the 7th largest by GDP at PPP. Indonesia is a member of several multilateral organizations, including the UN,WTO, IMF and G20. It is also a founding member of Non-Aligned Movement, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, East Asia Summit, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and Organization of Islamic Cooperation.
The word 'which' in line 2 of the second paragraph refers to …
Question 2 (1 point)
The countries which directly border Indonesia are …
Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Australia
East Timor, Palau, India's Andaman, and Nicobar Islands
Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the Philippines
Papua New GuineaEast Timor, and Australia
Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia
Question 3 (1 point)
The most populous part of Indonesia is …
Question 4 (1 point)
Indonesian identity is developed by …
The Muslim-majority power
Question 5 (1 point)
 Historically, foreign powers fought each other for their influence over Indonesia. This was due to the country's ...
beautiful women
natural beauty
natural resources
beautiful seas
Question 6 (1 point)
The word 'it' in the first paragraph refers to …
Muslim-majority country
Island country
Question 7 (1 point)
The following sentences are correct, except ….
Indonesia produces tin, copper, cacao, and spices
Indonesia produces oil, gold, rice, and palm oil
Indonesia produces oil, natural gas, medical plants, and coffee
Indonesia produces tin, nickel, rice, and tea
Question 8 (1 point)
The word 'flourished' in the third paragraph means …
Question 9 (1 point)
The word 'articulates' in the last paragraph means …
Question 10 (1 point)
'Despite its large population and densely populated regions' in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to …
Even though its large population and densely populated regions
Although its population is large and its regions are densely populated
As though its large population and densely populated regions
In spite of its population is large and its regions are densely populated
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